An exhibition at the Historical Archive of the City looks back 500 years to the city silk corporations
Until April 30, the Historical Archives of the City hosts an exhibition which covers five centuries of silk Barcelona. The exhibition takes a chronological journey through 500 years of history and provides an overview of the origin and evolution of silk organizations, forms of corporate organization have taken the functions that have been developed and have invested resources to achieve their goals.
The exhibition, curated by Victor Mata is performed based on documentary transferred to the Historical Archives of the City of Barcelona and constitute the Archive of the College of Art Major de la Seda de Barcelona: Guild Sailing, Velluters Guild, Guild Perxers and the same (CAMS).
Five centuries of silk
Silk, sumptuous product par excellence, known in Catalonia since the Middle Ages. Business contacts between Catalan and Andalusian merchants tenth century are the first known evidence of professional dedication around the silk. A royal provision of Peter the Great, the last third of the thirteenth century, for the first time regulates the silk activity in Barcelona.
At that time, most of the silk artisans were part of the Jewish community in Barcelona, so it is not organized as a corporation engaged in trade or municipal government institutions. The rise of the fourteenth century silks pushes the Consell de Cent Barcelona authorize some ordinances regulating the sale of silk. The pogrom and expulsion of Jews from Barcelona in 1391 is a turning point in the world silk city, because the main human group that disappears represents.
In the mid-fifteenth century silks experiencing a revival since the formation of small factories and companies engaged in the production and trade of manufactured products, which strengthens the bases of the process of creating institutional seven guilds silks of Barcelona which began in the late fifteenth century and lasted until the early seventeenth century: millinery needle (1495) Perxers (1509) Sailboats (1533) Velluters (1548) Passamaners (1572) torcedor ( 1619), Dyers (1619).
Most of these unions disappear root of a process that began in 1834 and resolves the decree of 20 December 1836 that ends the union organizations in Spain. They survive only as advocacy organizations or interest groups as mutual work. This is the case of the College of Art Major of the silk of Barcelona (CAMS) born in April 1834 from the merger of the unions sailboats and Velluters.
Courtesy Car Service Barcelona