The future of aviation
On his own discretion or by the glow they look good others know there are people who have done extraordinary things and have been eclipsed, relegated to second row, forgotten for decades or forever. They are something like a fifth Beatle, defined concept that one person, but to the many who helped make the group a Liverpool legend.
The fifth Beatle or eclipsed in the early days of aviation character was Charles Taylor, a clever bicycle mechanic who worked in the shop of the Wright brothers pioneered self-propelled flight, the December 17, 1903 managed to make the first jump ( They were exactly 12 seconds and 37 meters) engine, a milestone that since the IAF International Aeronautical Federation, considered “the first sustained flight in a heavier-than-air aircraft.”
Heavier yes, but also very light, and while Orwille Wright was that first day at the controls of the Flyer I and Wilbur accompanying him on foot for the feat at Kitty Hawk, creating Taylor made possible the miracle: he used aluminum, a metal lighter than other options to build an engine that also gave twice the performance than bicycle manufacturers had in mind. It was a triumph three in which two had great recognition to the point that in 1959 President Dwight D. Eisenhower officially declared the day of the Wright Brothers, commemorated every December 17. Charlie Taylor dropped the trio ended up living on charity and only many years later, his work has been recognized, but almost exclusively within the sector.
For many aeronautical engineers and technical maintenance of aircraft, the transition from bikes to planes Taylor is an inspiration, and now are these professionals who are leading the evolution of aviation in the immediate future, again discreetly, although supported it was aware by industry and that technological future is greater environmental awareness, lower fuel consumption and the search for new materials to lighten aircraft fuselage both inside as well as the search for alternatives to the propulsion of aircraft and helicopters.
Airlines greet and buy new industry initiatives, such as Finnair, which started last Wednesday to fly the Helsinki-Beijing route with its new Airbus A350. “This is a brutal air: in addition to a larger cabin, quiet and comfortable passage than its predecessors, has its great strength in consumption: 20% less than comparable aircraft of previous generations,” said an excited Pekka Vauramo, chief of historical Finnish airline founded in 1923 and now it has turned to long-haul flights with connections between Europe and Asia through its hub in Helsinki counselor.
“We already operate in these three A350 Asian routes, which are the first European operator, with a total order of 18 units. These fully renew the fleet, we will save millions of euros each year in fuel bills and are already significantly reducing the emission of atmospheric CO2A “.
The A350 looks great inside and on the outside, a cabin design completely different to its predecessors pilot, a stylized wing is also responsible for lower fuel consumption by their shape, topped curve, and for, the largest market, with a diameter such that the fuselage of the Concorde, the famous supersonic aircraft but inefficient, would huge engine inside.
In the same market, long-haul aircraft and medium capacity, Boeing has also made a commitment to a more efficient aircraft with the 787 Dreamliner program, new generation apparatus similar to 350 in response to sprint as relentless competitor Airbus US manufacturer. Gone are the days when the Spanish commercial pilots said the rhyme: “The ham, serrano, and the plane … American”, in times of the aforementioned bioreactors French Concorde and Caravelle, milestones of European industry, although maintenance more complicated than their American counterparts.
The last Caravelle, a design first flew six decades, retired in 2004, when the Airbus A320 had already established itself as the favorite aircraft for short and medium distances again in fierce competition with Boeing 737s.
The first units of the A320 are already veterans, since they debuted in the late eighties and Airbus wants to maintain its market share and customer loyalty by launching the 320neo model acronym for new engine option, where lies one of these revolutions discrete air transport engineers hand.
The two engines to choose from that offer the Airbus NEO are the new Pratt & Whitney PW1000G and CFM International LEAP, which are considered turbojet engaged. Unlike their predecessors, they carry a reduction gear system incorporating a fan gearbox capable of absorbing more power levels than those achieved in other engine designs. These engines are also known as GTF, by geared fan turbo: this is a drive to achieve an optimization of 7% of its power thanks to slow the fan, which is the first compressor is seen when looking at an engine compared to the rest of the engine compressors.
According to Airbus, the A320neo family will provide fuel savings of 15% and an additional flight distance of 500 nautical miles (about 950 kilometers), or the ability to carry two tonnes more payload at a given range. For the environment, the fuel savings translate into some 3,600 tonnes less per year CO2por plane.
Courtesy Car Service Barcelona