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The emerging R & D sector offers opportunities for economic development
“We either climbed the train now or we’ll be left behind,” warns Josep Maria Martorell, who was the General Director of Research of the Generalitat and is currently deputy director of the.
The train is that of quantum technologies, an emerging sector from which a new industry is expected to develop. And with this new industry are expected to arrive at innovative products that will one day be used daily. It is a sector in which today is investigated and in which in the not too distant future, possibly towards the second half of the next decade, jobs will be created and money will be made.
“China and the United States are betting strongly on quantum technologies, they are moving very fast,” says Martorell. Not to be outdone, the European Commission (EC) announced before the summer the creation of the Quantum Flagship, a ten-year and a billion euro project that has set the goal of “positioning Europe at the forefront of the second quantum revolution that is appearing all over the world. ” And within Europe, Barcelona and its metropolitan area “are in a position to play an important role,” said industrial engineer Josep Maria Vilà, an advisor to Barcelonaqbit, a think tank that advocates boosting this emerging sector in Catalonia.
The first quantum revolution to which the EC refers was that carried out a century ago physicists like Max Planck and Albert Einstein, who discovered that the universe obeys to the strange laws of the quantum physics.
According to these laws, waves and particles are two sides of the same reality. Waves like light are composed of particles; and particles of matter, in turn, behave like waves.
The consequences of quantum physics are anti-intuitive but real. A particle can be at the same time in two different states, what is known as superposition, as in Schrödinger’s famous cat experiment, which was alive and dead at the same time. But as soon as one observes what state the particle is, it can no longer be in the other, so that the cat dies irreversibly at the precise moment in which one looks at it.
On the other hand, different particles may be interlaced. This means that, when one particle is modified, the others are modified instantly even though they are thousands of miles apart.
If the first quantum revolution was scientific, the second will be technological, emphasizes the document Quantum Manifesto. A new era of technology, which the EC published in May. It will take advantage of the laws of quantum physics to control the particles and use them for unsuspected purposes.
An example: thanks to interlacing, information can be encrypted more securely than current technologies. In fact, if someone intercepted the particles carrying a coded message, it would be discovered instantly because it would affect other particles with which they are interlaced. Communications security is, therefore, one of the first fields in which quantum technology will have industrial applications.
Also in the next five years are expected to begin using sensors based on the principles of quantum physics. According to the Quantum Manifesto, these sensors will be useful in construction projects, in geological surveys and in medical diagnosis.
In the longer term, it is expected to use quantum physics to build and program computers capable of performing operations that are beyond the reach of today’s computers. In quantum computing, the United States is ahead of Europe and, within the United States, Google is more advanced than any other company or research center.
“In Spain we have to be well positioned in quantum technologies to take advantage of the opportunity,” said Carmen Vela, Secretary of State for Research, who has played an active role in defending the involvement of Spain in the European project in Brussels. “It’s better to be from the beginning [on the Quantum Flagship of the EC] than to try to get on a car when it’s on the road.”
As with any new technology sector, quantum technologies are likely to favor the emergence of new companies emerging from research groups. The same
phenomenon has been observed in recent years in the biomedical sector, where genome technologies have originated business projects that, in some cases, have made a fortune.
One of these companies, VLC Photonics, from the Universitat de València, has been integrated into the business management group of Quantum Flagship.
In Catalonia, “we have the opportunity to play an important role in quantum technologies thanks to the ICFO [Institut de Ciències Fotòniques]”, says Josep Maria Martorell of the Barcelona Supercomputing Center. ICFO has nine research groups working in this area from which two new business projects have already emerged.
On the other hand, quantum technology products will affect consolidated companies. Communications and financial institutions will not be able to stay away from advances in cybersecurity. It is significant, in this sense, that Telefónica incorporated this year its board of directors to the physicist Ignacio Cirac, director of the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching (Germany).
But “we have the impression that our companies are little aware of the opportunities offered by quantum technologies,” says economist Alfonso Rubio, president of the think tank Barcelonaqbit. Based on this organization, the company Entanglement Partners – Rubio is the CEO and Josep Maria Vilà is the President – offers consulting services on quantum technology. “We think there are many companies that are not aware of how they can affect them,” says Rubio. “Our goal is to establish a bridge between the world of research and that of companies.”
Europe’s strategic bet
Quantum technologies will play the third Flagship project (literally flagship) powered by the European Commission. These are ten-year initiatives and a billion euros of budget to boost areas of research that Brussels considers strategic for the future of the EU. The first two flagships, one dedicated to graphene and the other to the human brain, started in 2015. The quantum technology, which is currently in the gestation phase, will begin in 2018. When it comes to an end ten years later , is expected to have given birth to a first generation of companies and products based on quantum physics. The EC plans to finance 500 million euros of the project and the other 500 will be contributed by companies.
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The Botanic Garden of Barcelona launches a watch that tells time through the human shadow
A group of volunteers from the Friends Association of Botanic Garden has been enriched by the construction of a clock analemmatic sun at the Botanical Garden of Barcelona. This type of sundial has the peculiarity that tells time with the projection of the human shadow and it does so in a very precise way. To know when you just need a person is placed above the drawing of the ground, exactly in the month and day when it is, then stretching his arms up going to cast a shadow on the exact time. If an elongated stick accuracy is even greater is used.
To paint the clock counted on the help of friends Gnomòmica Society of Catalunya. The company states that the activity has been carried out very quickly and effectively and that the 10 places at his disposal the labor camp to build the clock were taken very quickly.
This activity is included in the field of work that began on July 2 and ends this Friday 8. Participants also repaired and expanded the sensory garden, designed for people with disabilities can also enjoy the botanical wealth. Wooden boxes are used for installing were damaged and are replaced by new ones. In addition, the sensory garden has changed location to leave the central free space space for other activities.
In addition, the volunteers created a new pergola for climbing plants of wisteria kind in the Botanical Garden Històric. The former had become too small and did not allow the plant to grow properly, the support was not sufficient and there was danger of falling.
In parallel to these activities is already available virtual stroll through the Botanical garden of Barcelona and the Botanical Garden Històric. These two parks are among six in the metropolitan area of Barcelona with virtual access, a move aimed at spreading knowledge parks nearby. The virtual tour can be done through the website of the Área Metropolitana de Barcelona or via Google Maps.
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Highly selected ‘preemergence’ creators made stays at multipurpose Espronceda center, where they can live, produce and present
The wins Henrik and Holger Sprengel, along with two Italian artists, hold an art center in Barcelona as discreet as unusual. The Center pays Espronceda stays creative young artists and exhibitions of half the world, authors ‘preemergence’ already despunten but have not yet made their way into the difficult market of contemporary art. “Our main goal is to bring artists from outside Barcelona so they can show their art to the public here and take with new contacts in international cultural sector,” explains Holger Sprengel as normal.
He, like his brother, is a multireincidente entrepreneur who has opened several successful online and offline -restaurants Vietnamese businesses, tourists rental scooters, video games, books … customizable – and settled eight-year-twelve in the case of Henrik- in the Catalan capital. They have always been interested in creativity, but plans to open a cultural center arose in 2013 following an unexpected opportunity. His friend and partner, Elia Sabato, also Italian artist living in Barcelona, met by chance a set of old workshops Navas neighborhood (Sant Andreu) who started reconverted into ateliers of artists. “We learned that they had been released three ships and decided to rent them to rehabilitate, was very spontaneous!” He laughs. They are in an alley that has no official name not appear in Google Maps. Being perpendicular to the street Espronceda, just call ‘passage Espronceda’. Tenants of this hidden oasis just open their studios to the public and prefer not to attract attention, aware of the serious shortage of comprehensive and affordable spaces in Barcelona.
These three car repair shops are now a multifaceted cultural space which also adopted the name of the street and poet, well soundproofed and for various uses. A ship contains apartments in which artists are housed. Opposite are the large kitchen, which acts as a shared living for residents and can accommodate from gastronomic events to yoga sessions. On the other hand, there are studies-from painting, sculpture, multimedia … – in which artists produce new works. And finally there is the ship of the gallery, which exhibited before returning home.
The usual profile “guest,” explains the German businessman, is a foreign author of around thirty, that begins to live his talent but still sells little work. Visiting Barcelona can last from two to twelve weeks, but usually lasts four or five. The creators self-manage their schedules and tasks-codesign and the center exposure assumes the dissemination of the event, making the catalog and “comisariado”- and if they want, can also visit the city with the scooter that serve them. “At first we feared that spend the day at the beach, but no way, we are surprised that demonstrate the enormous productivity,” says Sprengel to the evil-minded. “They are aware that this will be a striking point on your resume and important people come to the shows, do not want to fail,” he adds.
Although not close the door to welcome artists who are self-financing the stay, with an estimated cost of 950 euros per month according to the website of the center, only in English, they do not promote this route. “We prefer to make a very hard choice, very good people come and scholarship us,” responds Sprengel. With hardly advertise, they receive dozens of requests. They usually choose to recipients personally, but sometimes rely on the criterion of professional juries, such as the prestigious Venetian Laguna Art Price competition: between the four prizes they can choose the winners is a free stay in the Espronceda. The College of Art in London, added, also want to send them a couple of students who choose half.
Alejandro Martin, curator and collaborator of the center as commissioner, adding that just closed a deal with New York Artist Pension Frost, the largest collection of contemporary art in the world: “We have chosen one of their recommended residences, which involves dissemination more than 2,500 artists and many requests to come to Barcelona “. They also maintain good ties with Italy, for example with the University of Fine Arts in Rome and the association of art critics I Martedi Critici through the fourth partner in this adventure, artist and researcher Tarsitano Savina, Italian living in Brussels .
The artists “guests” are the hospitality of Espronceda two ways. On the one hand, they give one of the works that have been created in Barcelona to the collection center, which is expanding gradually. On the other, if they sell part of the above, Espronceda gets a commission of 45% of the amount. “But the purpose of the stay is not selling, is to serve as a catalyst for his career,” says Sprengel. “And in general, it sells very little: a table, two … or none,” he admits. Prices are not for millionaires -there original work by 300 or 400 euros, but local demand is minimal: “The reality is that art is bought in Barcelona, is not like Madrid or London, this market is not developed and that’s too bad for artists “he stresses.
The Espronceda is one of the areas of relationship and social life of the community dynamics ‘expat’ of Barcelona, mainly formed by young professionals Westerners. The networking loved all leisure activities in these circles, whose frank languages are English and Spanish. Instead, the relationship with the local sociocultural fabric runs at half speed. In the case of contemporary art, for example, Espronceda not maintain any link with the very close and pioneer Ivanow Nau, a former factory converted into a cultural container.
In late February, due to local contact Alejandro Martin, the Espronceda host for the first time in its three-year history a sample of authors from Barcelona and Catalonia, from Hangar and the Faculty of Fine Arts at the UB. “We started very focused on building international ties and bring artists from outside, but now we want to connect with centers and creators of here,” Martin explains. Another line of work over the medium term stays for commissioners and curators and art critics.
The last artist who has exhibited in Espronceda has been an exception in every way possible. Kazakh Tolkyn Sakbayeva, 25, has spent five months producing new work in the Espronceda, but lives with his sister in an apartment in the city since mid 2013. His style is inspired by Impressionism and Cubism – chose Barcelona years of study here Picasso and since age 4 is devoted almost exclusively to drawing. Nevertheless, international criticism has started to focus on his other feature Tolkyn: born with severe cerebral palsy. It took a special exam to be accepted at the Faculty of Fine Arts in Almaty, his hometown.
His first exhibition with pieces for sale -more than 50- Espronceda has been in this fall and have extended until January 11. It has already sold half a dozen pieces and has some more “apalabradas”. The family in not dedicated to the art, his father is a scientist and his mother a teacher, but has turned to the vocation of the middle daughter, whom doctors and teachers had given so little hope of a future career. Both sisters and exercise of managers in English and Spanish touting achievements Tolkyn, name in Kazakh means ‘wave’. Coy and flirtatious, he receives praise from Alejandro Martin and her sisters naturally. “When no longer frustrated by not being able to paint small details-because of the motor limitations-, has found his own style,” explains the curator.
Coincidence or fate, these months Tolkyn has come into contact with the drivers of the first self-managed school Catalunya, Arcadia, with which it has begun to collaborate. It tests for them architectural barriers Ships Can Batllo and methodology for teaching art. In addition, 20% of sales in Espronceda exposure allocated to the project, which would open doors in 2018. “Participate in school as a workshop or as a teacher,” agrees Naomi Valero, adding that “it is essential” that the school Expect “adults concerning functional diversity”.
For its part, the family drives Sakbayeva a foundation in Kazakhstan, ARTolerance to help artists without resources or discriminated against for any reason. “We will open soon a kickstarter [an Online micropatronage] to fund new exhibitions and the work of the foundation,” he adds Togzhan Sakbayeva’s older sister.
Beginning of this year have reached Espronceda new guest artists. It is one of Marseille and Madrid Remy O. Manuel Leyva, who from 21 to 31 January will show their work at the exhibition The way you move. A half of January come two young Berlin artists, which lived in the ateliers with One and Leyva and also have their own exhibition scheduled for February.
In May he will give an artist talk, Ernesto Canovas. This 44 Barcelona moved a decade Great Britain, where he studied Fine Arts and triumphed with his paintings and drawings made, that the London celebrities buy at a good price in a gallery of exclusive Mayfair. Your resume accumulates numerous solo and group exhibitions and catalogs, awards and exhibitions. This, however, abroad. The ignorance of this author in his hometown has been Espronceda to invite to “make known” in Catalonia. “It will be three or four weeks here,” Sprengel progresses.
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The challenge to digest millions of data
Turn off the alarm clock out of bed and look at the phone. Whatsapp answer a few of your friends owls, answer a few personal emails and a couple more from work and turn on the radio while preparing breakfast, I take while viewing the media or on the Internet that offer you saw the other day. Only these little routines, and generate millions of data impossible to digest in the old way, so it requires new systems: it is what is known as the phenomenon of Big Data.
“Big Data is based on high-speed analysis of a large volume and variety of data through innovative and cost effective ways of processing to improve understanding and decision-making,” explains Professor of Master in Digital Business at ESADE, Josep Lluís Cano.
Some figures to understand the sheer volume of information that are generated 40 billion photos Facebook or manages more than one million transactions per hour Walmart records, equivalent to 167 times all the information from the Library of Congress United States, one of the largest in the world.
The process of this deluge of data is performed through means based on information and communications technology (ICT) systems evolving. This ordering is essential to analyze the information we generate, so that it can give you later use. Cano detailed that data people produce, are useful for progress in many areas: health, logistics, energy, administration and, of course, trade and marketing.
Fingerprint and commercial use
Nobody finds it strange because after a flight search in Internet, the next day his Facebook page appears flooded with offers of hotels and restaurants in the city selected. This happens because when you travel search of a fingerprint that makes it identifies you as a potential customer of other businesses allowed.
From the point of view of consumers, we give our data when we accept, for example, conditions of a new application that down to our smartphone.
We do it in exchange for a particular service or information, we are willing to assign as the relationship compensate us, “said Cano, who stresses that often accept these conditions without even reading them.
The academic stresses that the process of data an individual does not represent a violation of their privacy always to be given for statistical purposes, that is, if we consult a route in Google Maps can use our expertise to calculate the time of the journey, but not to control where we are and what we do.
In this sense, appeals to the “ethical sense” of the organizations in using the data to which they have access, since there is no regulation in this respect that concrete limits.
Increasing the amount of data generated it has occurred at the same time the penetration of new technologies, a phenomenon still fresh. This has led to the emergence of a new professional figure: the data scientist.
“It’s a very complex profile, as it must be someone with technical knowledge of computers, systems integration and statistics; with business acumen to analyze the data, and with imagination and communication skills to explain them to know”.
The lack of trained professionals in this area has led to multidisciplinary teams who are in charge of data analysis as colleges and business schools are moving in the preparation of new professionals having all of these skills. “It’s a great opportunity to find out in the working world”
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Google celebrated in Barcelona a campus Express for entrepreneurs
Barcelona hosts from Monday until Friday the Google launchpad program, the campus Express for entrepreneurs that 13 technology-based startups will benefit the Catalan capital.
After a stint in Tel Aviv, Paris, Berlin, London and Helsinki, the initiative came to Barcelona for the third time and will offer an intensive program of pre-acceleration these 13 startups in collaboration with Incubio, Barcelona Activa, Itnig and connector. The objective of this project, which will be held in Almogàvers Business Factory, is to complement the knowledge of business, expand their networks and advise on the development phases, and mentors will Marc Borràs (Idealist), Silvia Pérez (Scytl) and Jaume Clotet (KPMG).
The 13 participating companies are CreatorStats, Haptter, TimTul, Market in Cloud, Teamhood, myABCKit, IBPindex, Popsail, Doctor eBooking, Woonest, GymByHours, Aloha24 and Adwoow, operating in areas such as sports, health and education.
Google Launchpad has one week and five sessions will be devoted to addressing the product strategy, user experience, marketing and the role of technology. Training in all these areas will be provided by 50 mentors from successful technology companies, consolidated other business segments and entities in orbit startup firms, and up to 250 meetings held ‘one to one’.
He completed the program Google Launchpad a visit to the National Supercomputing Center, attached to the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC) and features the MareNostrum supercomputer, which uses its 10,240 processors in advance knowledge of subjects such as astronomy, biomedicine and genome sequencing.
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Tech City cluster drives a large area of activity that should be operational in February
Barcelona years boiling in digital entrepreneurship issues. But London and Berlin as European leaders in technology venture capital, entrepreneurs themselves were the first and second generation of digital businesses created in Barcelona who saw the need to join forces to gain visibility and international importance. Thus was born in 2012 Ecommerce & Tech Barcelona, a cluster renamed Barcelona Tech City, which is now about to get what will be his first major milestone: a corporate headquarters that will be both a great campus where they will live up to half hundred companies, an activity center, coworking space and meeting point for national and international actors when they are in town. A likeness of the Factory of Berlin, the Google Campus in London or Boston CIC. A place where a young entrepreneur to be in the bar with a colleague to compare ideas, or match the elevator with a renowned innovator or senior investor. A place in which these contacts happen and be fruitful and become an international reference.
The idea of Bcn Tech City is that this “home of entrepreneurs” Barcelona will be operational before the celebration of the upcoming Mobile World Congress (late February 2016). And if anything goes wrong (even the last remaining sign contracts) will be located in Palau de Mar. It is a landmark building, built in 1881 as a port warehouse, and in recent years, until 2012, had housed the Department Social Welfare. There are the Museu d’Historia de Catalunya and several dining options. And some technology companies: Holaluz, Tiendeo, letgo and PGI-BIS Engineering Structures.
Palau de Mar has 10,000 m2, of which 7,500 would manage Tech City. The building is owned by the Port of Barcelona, which in its board last September agreed to extend five years, until 2024, granting the company Portico Mar, who was authorized “to reform of the building to implant companies in the field digital and technology “, according to the Port.
Sources close to the cluster recognize that the project for a new headquarters began a year and a half, and in finding alternative location have been studied as a building in Poblenou, or Casc Antic, but the Palau de Mar It is the preferred option. In this bet, the Bcn Tech City has the support of institutions, mainly the Generalitat (Accio), the City Council (through Barcelona Activa) and the Port.
The “house of entrepreneurs” is intended as a complementary figure to existing initiatives to promote entrepreneurship, as Barcelona Activa, or incubators or accelerators. In fact, close sources said that probably some of the big city such as accelerators or Conector- SeedRocket could be transferred to Palau de Mar. “The need for this large space exists, and is a model that works well in other cities” recognize. While in Barcelona Activa, for example, companies can be from birth to age three, the Palau de Mar will host companies that already have some traction, and the rotation should be the result of evolutions own businesses.
BCN Tech City, chaired Miguel Vicente (founder of Letsbonus, Antai, Wallapop) and directs Miquel Martí, is a nonprofit association that represents most of the digital and technological ecosystem: entrepreneurs, investors, corporations or institutions. In 2014 the sector in Barcelona billed 6,000 million euros, three times in 2012, and these companies employ about 10,000 people.
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